This could even continue for years - often their entire lifetime. The tsunami’s waves traveled across the Indian Ocean at 500 mph, the speed of a jet plane.   It was the fifth most powerful earthquake ever recorded, and within 30 minutes, a 133-foot high tsunami pummeled Japan's northeastern shoreline. The 1964 Alaska tsunami led to 110 deaths, some as far away as Crescent City, Calif. On December 26, 2004, at 7:59 am local time, an undersea earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. A tidal wave is a shallow water wave caused by the gravitational effects of the sun and moon on the Earth. This can cause more deeath and sickness. Boats have often been hurled into the sky and iron parking metres have been bent to the ground, demonstrating the sheer power of the water. Once the waves have knocked down infrastructure on the shore the waves continue inland for many more miles - obliterating yet more buildings and homes. On Sunday 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9 earthquake occurred off the West Coast of Northern Sumatra in the Indian Ocean. The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.It was an undersea megathrust earthquake that registered a magnitude of 9.1–9.3 M w, reaching a Mercalli intensity up to … thanks for the wonderful information which helped me in my research may you please continue with the good work. If a threatening tsunami passes through and sets off the gauge stations, a tsunami warning issues to all potentially affected areas. i feel bad for them kids who got killed or hurt. Watch the destructive power of the Tsunami. Return home only after local officials tell you it is safe. There might also be appeals and donations from people who have seen pictures of the area in the media. The severity of a tsunami’s effects depends on a number of factors, namely the magnitude of the earthquake, landslide or volcanic eruption, along with its distance from shore. These Movies and Shows Can Help You Make Sense of Confusing Economic Concepts, Understanding Trustees' Duties and Responsibilities in Managing a Trust, Estate Planning 101: How to Probate a Will, The Differences Between “Defamation,” “Libel” and “Slander”. Hazardous materials and toxic substances are also a concern, as asbestos, oil, fuel, and other industrial raw materials and chemicals often leak as a result of property damage. Such earthquakes must be large enough to occur near or under the ocean where they create unnecessary movements under the sea floor. Rescue teams traverse the affected area searching for people who have become trapped in their homes or under debris, and the governments of other nations often provide aid in the form of funds and supplies. The Chicxulub Impact event produced a shock wave and air blast that radiated across the seas, over coastlines, and deep into the continental interior. (Toshifumi Kitamura / AFP/Getty Images) (Toshifumi Kitamura / AFP/Getty Images) After: … Fiction. YOU DON'T NEED TO KNOW MEH NAME on January 15, 2020: Thanks for this, helped on school project. Tsunami victims suffer psychology problems in the days and weeks after the destruction. This made my homework much more easy!! Tsunamis, like most natural disasters, are beyond human control. The Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, which caused the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, is estimated to have released energy equivalent to 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. Environmental effects can include contamination of soil and water, permanent changes to the landscape, solid waste and disaster debris, and litter composed of hazardous materials and toxic substances. Thank you, Bro thank you for all the information it was very helpful for my project on tsunami, Gfyutyutjythyfyjfrsssqwryopplkhfdazzxcbnmmnvxzasfgjllpoiutrwqqqwrtuippl), thanks but what are the long term effects, Thanks for this help me for tsunami effect, thank you so much, I really like this resume and be careful around the topes :). Desperate: A child hit by the tsunami in India is carried away. A tsunami is not influenced by the tides and may reach great heights as it comes thundering onto shore. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Read more about how Khao Lak was destroyed by the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004. This means that people living in towns and villages on the coast do not have time to escape. The Chicxulub impact event was an ~100 million megaton blast that devastated the Gulf of Mexico region. Thank you so much for the help! Not all earthquakes cause tsunamis, however. The unexpected disaster was neither the largest nor the deadliest earthquake and tsunami to strike this century. The earthquake and tsunami. 1. Tsunami damage is first caused by the immense force of the tidal wave hitting the shoreline. People can see the ocean floor littered with flopping fish and other sea animals. Rescue teams come in to the area and victims of the tsunami need to be treated. This damages the infrastructure like sewage and contaminates the freshwater meant for drinking.Flooding and contamination of this fresh water can cause the spread of disease in the affected areas. The negative impacts caused by the tsunami are destroying whatever it takes. There are, however, a number of techniques that can minimize the harmful effects of tsunamis to the physical environment (including built structures) and to individuals and communities. Damage and casualties caused by the tsunami can be caused by the blow of water and materials carried by the tsunami wave. A large tsunami can travel many miles inland and wiping out entire coastal cities. Sometimes, before a tsunami hits, there is a huge vacuum effect, sucking water from harbours and beaches. The Thai Navy boat 813 in its final resting place after being flung 2km inland by the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004. The earthquake registered 9.1–9.3 M w and was the largest in five decades. This makes it more difficult for people to stay healthy and for diseases to be treated. Tsunamis are giant walls of water. That record goes to the 2004 Banda Aceh earthquake and tsunami in Sumatra, a magnitude-9.1, which killed more than 230,000 people. This was the case in Indonesia in 2004. After a tsunami sweeps through an area, the communities that were affected often need both immediate and long term help. The scars that are inflicted on the land can be present for decades to come, and this only serves as a reminder to people living in the area of the terrible losses caused by the tsunami, and the lingering danger that yet another killer tidal wave could strike at any moment with very little warning. Winds far in excess of 1000 kilometers per hour were possible near the impact site, although they decreased with distance from the impact site. A tsunami's tidal waves batter the shoreline and can destroy anything in their path. Governments around the world may help with the cost of bringing aid to a tsunami-hit area. BACK TO QUESTIONS They destroy everything in their path, including buildings, trees, power lines, bridges, cars, boats and more, leaving behind them a mass of solid waste and debris that is almost impossible to clean up. If a tsunami reaches land the effects can include loss of human and animal life, devastating property damage, severe flooding, and disease. Small and undetectable tsunamis occur almost every day with little to no effect, appearing as fast moving strong tides, but larger tsunamis have devastating effects to life and land that are often irreversible. The effects of a tsunami are devastating. The effects of a tsunami are devastating. Foreign tourists far out on the sand after the water receded react as the first of six tsunami waves … This helped me a lot for my project..Thanks a lot buddy for this intense writeup, If you're reading this comment you're gay, this was really good this helped me with my research and i thank u. thanks so much, was a really helpful article! Unfortunately one of the biggests and worst effects of a Tsunami is the cost to human life. The initial impact of the tsunami is often publicised across the world through the news media. Before: A fishing boat lies among tsunami debris in Otsuchi, Iwate prefecture, on March 31, 2011. anyone argee. As the water rushes across the land it can sweep away yet more trees, gardens, garages, cars and other man made equipment. These clean up efforts can take years, and significantly hurt the economy of the affected area. Tsunami flooding then continues to cause damage for several more weeks. Click on the icons below to learn about how and where tsunamis occur, how to recognize a tsunami, how to evacuate before a tsunami arrives, and what geologists at the Washington Geological Survey are doing to learn more about these natural hazards. The consequences vary from loss of livelihood for fishermen to unknown damages to coral reefs and flora and fauna where the … I wrote a lot and i have benefited a lot.. the number of suicides in the 2 years prior to and 1 year after the tsunami were considered for the study. There is immediately a massive cost when tsunamis happen. People may also be killed if a building is knocked down by the tsunami and it hits them. They were anxious and stressed because they felt like their life was in danger from another tsunami. The Navy boat was left in its resting place and a memorial has been built around it. This caused the Indian Ocean tsunami … In Banda Aceh, the landmass closest to the quake’s epicenter, tsunami waves topped 100 feet. With no time to escape, tsunamis cause near instant death, usually by drowning, but also by collapsing buildings, electrocution and other causes. Conversely, secondary effects of tsunamis take place hours, days and weeks after the event. Tsunamis are sometimes also referred to as tidal waves, but they actually have nothing to do with tidal activity, which causes waves in the seas and oceans due to the gravitational forces of the sun and the moon. There were 4,280 missing people and a further 23,189 were injured. A 2004 tsunami took some 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. They are one of the world's worst natural disasters that can hit a country. A study by the World Health Organisation on survivors of the tsunami in Sri Lanka on December 24 2004 found that three to four weeks after the tsunami between 14 and 39 per cent of the children had post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The tsunami that struck South Asia and East African on Decmber 24 2004 killed a staggering 31,187 people in Sri Lanka. Indian Ocean tsunami of 2004, tsunami that hit the coasts of several countries of South and Southeast Asia in December 2004. In 1918, an earthquake and tsunami killed 118 people in Puerto Rico. Altogether, an estimated 230,000 to 260,000 people died in the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Civil defense agencies are then notified, and data from tidal gauge stations are closely monitored. They are one of the world's worst natural disasters that can hit a country. Damaged buildings that are no longer structurally safe may need to be knocked down. The central effect of large tsunamis is massive loss of human life. But otherwise it is very good. After the initial cost of rescue operations there is the clean up cost. There was a death but the author spelled deeath. The waves often come in a series after the initial wave, a phenomenon called a wave train. They were also suffering from grief because they knew somebody who had died. Tsunamis can move at up to 500 miles per hour, making them able to cross an ocean in less than a day. i am pretty scared of them . When a tsunami hits land, the trough of the wave, or the area of the wave below the highest point often reaches land first. Tsunami flooding then continues to cause damage for several more weeks. dont say your name because hackers on June 11, 2019: Thank you so much for your help in my project work, this was very helpful for me this was a big help to my project, this was informative and helped my project very much thanks. Tsunamis and tidal waves are both sea waves, but they have different causes and characteristics. Sometimes, the secondary effects can be worse than the triggering tsunami event itself. This causes the water level at the coast to recede suddenly before the tsunami hits. Thank you very much this helped me in my project, Thank you so much, it's a great information for my test, Okay so lets just get a moment of quiet in the Oof chat for the sad people who had died in these waves, It’s just sad to see this but at the same time interesting to learn about it, this was lowkey helpful. If you live in a coastal area, ask your council about your tsunami risk and local warning arrangements. In these conditions for diseases are likely to spread. Tsunamis have hit Washington in the past, and they will happen again in the future. The severe flooding that occurs as a result of a tsunami also damages sewer systems, water supplies, and soil. 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